Monthly Archives: July 2017

Snails in the Aquarium

Many hobbyists love to have snails in their aquarium. Snails appear gentle and calm. Their slow and graceful movement has a soothing effect. Many snails are placed in the aquarium deliberately as part of the display. However, too often, a small number of snails can lead to a full blown infestation. Snails usually eat detritus, algae and other organic matter. Sometimes, though, they can attack aquarium plants. A huge number of snails on everything from plants to aquarium walls to the gravel and the filters can affect the aesthetics of the aquarium.

The Snail becomes a pest which needs to be controlled. There are different ways of controlling snails. Commercial pesticides for Snails available at your petshop can be used. However, these pesticides tend to damage the beneficial bacterial in the aquarium affecting the biological filtration. There are mechanical snails traps which lure the snails into an enclosure form which they cannot escape. The snails can then be discarded. Another method is the use of snail eating fish such as loaches and puffer fish. These fish target snails and can be effective, particularly in large aquariums.

Preventing Snail infestation

  • Avoid Snails

It is best to avoid snails. Many people put snails in the aquarium as part of the display. However, the snails can quickly turn into pests.

  • Disinfect new additions such as plants and accessories

The most common way snails enter aquariums is as eggs in plants. If the aquarium plant was previously in a tank with snails. There are chances that there are eggs in it. The best way is to disinfect the plants by immersing them in a solution of Potassium Permanganate for half and hour. Rinse the plants thoroughly with freshwater before putting them in the tank.

Snails can be delightful additions to your tank. But sometimes, unwanted species or an increase in the population can wreak havoc on the tank system particularly the plants. There are chemicals which can control the snail population. However, they destroy the good nitrifying bacteria as well, damaging the biological filtration. Hence, these should be used only as a last resort.

Snails reproduce very fast and hence their population needs to be monitored and kept in check. When the population explodes, they may have to be removed. One easy way is to boil a lettuce leaf and immerse it in the substrate and leave it overnight. The next morning, you will find that the snails have climbed on to the leaf to eat it. Remove the lettuce leaf and the sails and throw it away. Repeat this for many days till the problem is under control.

 

Food for Aquarium Fish

Fish like all animals require food. The food they eat should contain all the ingredients necessary for healthy growth and wellbeing. Too often, owners give only one type of food to fish. This results in deficiencies which result in stunted growth and other abnormalities. Healthy fish should be vigorous in motion, bright-colored with proper proportions. Examine your fish regularly for any signs of poor nutrition.

To provide proper nutrition, it is first necessary to understand the dietary habits of fish. Some fish are carnivores (meat-eating). Some are herbivores (plant-eating). While most fish are omnivores (eating both plant and animal food).

Carnivorous fish need a protein based diet. These include dried worms, shrimp, etc. Herbivorous fish require plant-based food. Examples are Spirulina, peas, etc. Hence, try to find out the natural food for the fish you keep. There are different types of fishfeed available in the market. If you have a community aquarium, it is best to add a mixture of animal based and plant-based food. Adding natural plants to the aquarium gives a source of food to herbivorous fish. Another reason for poor nutrition among fish is the wrong of choice of type of fishfeed. Fish feed can be broadly categorized into floating food and sinking food. Choose the type of food depending on the fish you have. Surface floating food will not be accessible to fish living the middle regions or in the bottom. These fish will become malnourished. Sinking food which slowly sinks to the bottom gives a chance to these fish to have food.

Hence, provide a combination of floating and sinking food to your fish. Ensure that the food are in proper size. Small fish with their small mouths cannot handle big chunks of food. These fish will go hungry. When food is added to fish. The food may float in the surface of the water. This makes the food available to surface fish which stay in the surface. However, there are many species of fish which do not come to the surface. These fish will not get food. Hence, when feeding it is necessary to choose your food depending on the fish you have. Sinking Food is a special type of food which sinks once it is dropped into the tank. This ensures that middle level fish also get a chance to eat. There are different types of sinking food depending on the rate of sinking. If you have nocturnal fish, drop some food before switching the lights off. This will ensure that the fish which forage at night will be able to eat.

Flaked Food is fish food which has been made into flakes. The food is mixed and then extruded or heated which produces the layers known as flakes. Flakes are very popular among hobbyists. Virtually all types of fish food can be made into flakes. flaked food. The flakes are small in size and usually float in the water. This gives time for the fish to eat them. The Flake are usually fortified with minerals. The size of the flake should be suitable for the fish. Small fish may not be able to eat large flakes. Flakes usually come in sealed containers. They usually have a best-before date. Store Flakes in a cool dry place. Moisture and light should not be allowed to reach the flake foods.

Best Koi Fish Food

You don’t need to walk it, to wash it and you don’t have any trouble leaving it in its pond even for a couple of days. The most important thing when it comes to Koi fish is feeding them. You must know the food that the fish needs and of course it’s feeding habits.

Koi Fish Eating Habits

Having Koi can be a little demanding when it comes to its eating habits. To begin with, you must know that it is a breed of fish that needs a lot of food. Therefore, you need to make sure to feed it regularly and properly. Koi fish tend to eat whatever they find and hence it is quite possible that they can be overfed. Consciously or sometimes unconsciously, some people tend to over feed their fish. But actually, such a habit is not good for the Koi health. Once they are overfed, your fish’s life may be endangered. This actually happens because the fish produces more waste than average and therefore the quality of the water it lives in starts to deteriorate. Experts say that people should feed their fish approximately three times per day or even less. Depending also on the water temperature, you can more or less feed your fish once a day when the water is cool. On the contrary, when the water is warm, it is suggested that you feed your fish two to three times per day.

  • Best Koi Fish Food Suggestions

The food you will choose for your fish needs to be based on its unique requirements. It should primarily be stressed that Koi are omnivorous. That means that they can consume anything, from plants to worms. Therefore, its nutrition must include proteins, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals. Such nutritional elements can be found in the following foods.

  • Pellet fish food

Pellet fish food can be consumed by Koi fish. But, make sure it contains all the necessary elements that were mentioned above.

  • Color enhancing foods

You can use color enhancing foods for your fish. These foods have grown to be very popular and are recommended because they have a positive effect on Koi fish color. Let us not forget that such food additives must be combined with nutritional benefits.

  • Supplementary Foods

You can also provide your fish with supplementary foods. The first supplementary suggestion to use as the best Koi fish food is algae. Koi carp have a natural tendency to feed on algae. Therefore, your Koi will not need to get accustomed to it in order to keep consuming it. The same though does not apply for homemade supplementary Koi fish food. Such food which can be made at home is quite nutritional and beneficial for your pet fish, but the fish must get accustomed to it first.

Keeping Aquarian Fish

My first aquarium was set up in my teens and comprised the normal cold water gold-fish. They didn’t survive long for some reason and the exercise of keeping fish as pets was soon abandoned. Years later, however, when my shop opened it was the tropical fish that took my fancy. They made a great addition to the flowers and other things that were retailed as part of my landscaping designing and florist business. As an importer of these gorgeous creatures it wasn’t long before my keen mind had learned enough about them to be able to advise purchasers of their needs. With all the accessories they require on hand the display units made a wonderful display at the rear of the plants and other outdoor products.

With the lights on most of the time and the tanks decorated with weeds and rocks it was a lovely experience. The fish were lively and colourful. Along with the bubbles floating to the surface it could not help but draw people’s eyes. As the large boxes arrived fresh off the aircraft the trick was to help them adjust to the new environment. That meant leaving their bags on the surface of the water for some time until the temperature inside the bag was the same as that of the tank. Even then other things had to be checked out.

The pH of the water is important and as most tap water contains chemicals, such as chlorine and, in Australia, fluorine the tanks have to be left for some time before the fish can be placed in them. As they had come from Asia and the water they were used to does not contain chemicals of this nature they could get sick if introduced too quickly. It is these factors that make the keeping of tropical species a risky business. It takes time, effort, and a lot of money to set up a home aquarium and, unless one knows the correct procedure, the chances of survival is decreased. It took a lot of research before my knowledge was sufficient to deal with the many problems and anyone contemplating taking on keeping an aquarium needs to know how to keep the fish healthy.