Monthly Archives: August 2017

Horse Training Techniques

The Basic Facts You Need to Know Before Training a Young Horse

Though the natural horse training will require you to do almost nothing, it is still important to know about the basic things in this kind of drill. The natural training is suitable for young horses. When they reach 2 to 3 years, you can slowly teach them some basics. This is important because good timing and feel about the horses is also necessary. You can just leave your horse roaming the farm at first, but you can also conduct simple trainings for starters. Simply make sure to keep your training activities interesting and fun to do. Even if your horse is already undergoing training, it still needs to be close to its mother. This calms young horses down and makes them feel more at ease while in the training. And finally, when training your horse, explore which touches it doesn’t like and which touches it enjoys, this will help you figure out how to handle your horse better.

Natural Training Tricks and Techniques You Must Know for Young Horses

Horse training can mean a lot of things. But it is totally worthless if you know nothing about different tricks and techniques you could use. The length of your training session with your horse will be dependent on its age. If you are dealing with a younger horse, it is recommended that the session is shorter than the adult horses. You need to learn first the different methods of learning which are through making associations with uncontrollable factors and finally through punishment and reinforcement methods. And while the reward and punishment method is very effective, you have to weigh how much reward or punishment will be most effective to use. Too much reward will spoil your horse and too much punishment will lead to your horse’s pain, fear and frustration, and thus will suppress its learning capability.

Before you decide to leave your horse during training, learn as much as you can about your horse first. Ascertain your horse’s mood by looking at its movements. When its head is held up, it means that it is uptight. If its head is low, it means that your horse is relaxed. This will also be your telltale sign if your horse is ready to be trained. While it is an important rule to know strategies of handling your horse, it is also necessary that you keep your emotions in check. It is always best to not be frustrated when training, instead, be calm and patient. In time, you will find that your self-confidence radiates down from your body to your horse.

Prepare for a Horse Show

Getting your horse show ready

  • Once you know what shows you’re entering, practise for that event. Try lengthening and shortening stride so you can get the right distance between jumps, and always practise on fences slightly higher than those in the show. This way your horse should be calm and composed on the day. And similarly for dressage – you need to be confident that your horse can comfortably perform everything asked of them, so it’s a good idea to show them at one level lower than the level they perform at home.
  • During the winter months, like humans, horses can lose some fitness. Work on building it up again to get them back to their peak for show season.
  • Get grooming and trimming to make sure your horse looks his best.

Preparing for a show

Think about everything you’ll need for the show, for both you and your horse and make a list. If you’re staying overnight or longer you’ll need bedding, hay and grain for your horse as well as tack, grooming equipment, buckets, first aid equipment, paperwork etc.

With all the focus on getting your horse ready, it can be easy to forget that you need to get yourself ready too. Good quality, well-fitting show clothes will not only be comfortable, but also create a really good impression. If last years are looking a bit tired, consider investing in some new show attire. Mark Todd have a new Italian Collection, which is both stylish and designed with the practicalities of riding in mind, with breathable fabrics and machine washable jackets. It’s a good idea to take a spare set of show clothing if you can, just in case there are any issues on the day.

Of course the best way to keep your horse looking good for show season is to care for them well all year round. So keep up with medical checks and groom them daily, paying attention to their tail and mane to avoid knots and tangles. Bathe them the night before the show and braid them too, so they’re looking their best on the day.


Set Up Piranha Aquarium

Some planning and set-up is needed before you purchase your first piranha. Here is a list of general steps you will need to go through to set everything up:

1. Choose the location of the aquarium and set it up. If at all possible, choose a location that does not get direct sunlight because too much sunlight will affect the water chemistry and may also cause algae issues. Some people say that the aquarium should be located in a spot that does not have a lot of human traffic as well, since piranhas are skittish creatures and may be stressed by too much traffic.

2. Rinse all your decorations and accessories.

This is a very important step because it will help get rid of any dust from your new supplies. Rocks and gravel often contain a lot of dust which can make your water murky if you put them in right away. Some accessories may need to be soaked in water for a few minutes to get rid of all the air and/or tanic acids. For example, try to put a piece of driftwood in your aquarium without soaking it first and you will see it float to the top every time.

3. Rinse all the aquarium equipment then install them. Any part of your equipment (filters, power head, thermometer, etc.), that normally touch the water should also be rinsed. When you are done, install the equipment.

4. Again, make sure your aquarium is exactly where you want it. This is very important because the next step is where you fill it up with water and at that point it will be almost impossible to move.

5. Fill up the aquarium with water.

6. Dim the lighting. As I mentioned before, piranhas are not fans of bright lights. If your aquarium lighting is too bright, try wrapping them with electrical tape in a candy cane style. This should help.

7. Set up your filtration system. I’m not going to go into details because the instructions will depend on which one you buy, so please follow the instructions.

8. Set up the heater. Most of them are simple enough to set up, however, again you should follow the instructions. Set the temperature between 24 – 29 °C ( 75.2 – 84.2 °F ). Perfect temperature for most piranhas.

9. Test the water. Do NOT put any fish in your tank until this is done. You need to make sure that the water chemistry is just right before adding any fish. Recommended levels for most piranhas:

a. pH level should be between 6 – 7.5
b. Water hardness (dGH): 4 – 18 °N
c. Recommended water temperature: 24 – 29 °C ( 75.2 – 84.2 °F )

Steps to Making Your Aquarium Algae-Free

Algae can turn a pristine aquascape into a horrible eye-sore in a matter of days. In ponds, algae can suffocate the fish overnight or kill fish when the bloom crashes. Algal overgrowth can be due to a variety of reasons. It could be from poor environmental conditions or incorrect lighting. Each sort of algae tells a different story on how they became established. Control methods will depend on the type of algae and it may be as simple as performing water changes more frequently, using a suitable lighting type, altering the photoperiod, decreasing the amount fed or introducing more aquatic plants to altering the pH, water hardness, using anti-algal chemicals and installing a UV-clarifier. The combinations are enormous!

1. Carry out very regular partial water changes (30%) every 14 days.

2. Reduce the stocking density of your aquarium.

3. Don’t over-feed

4. As a rule of thumb, the stomach of a fish is approximately the size of its eye and so this is about as much as they should be fed.

5. Use white daylight bulbs:

Light that peaks at the blue and red spectrum are best for photosynthesis, but does not differentiate between algae and plant. By using plain white light, you are making it more difficult for the algae (and plants) to make their food.

6. Decrease the photoperiod:

*Having light available for a shorter period will make it more difficult for algae to make their food and multiply.

7. If the tank receives sunlight, reposition the tank or shade it.

*Warning, it is dangerous to move a filled tank.

8. Add some water plants to your aquarium:

*Aquatic plants will compete with the algae for nutrients and light;

9. Introduce an algae eating fish that is suitable for your set-up:

*Examples would include: bristle nose catfish, Chinese algae eater.

10. You may wish to install a UV-clarifier or proceed with chemical or other biological treatments.

*Note that chemicals should never be the sole treatment. They should be used only after or in conjunction with management strategies as outlined.