Category Archives: Pet

Food for Aquarium Fish

Fish like all animals require food. The food they eat should contain all the ingredients necessary for healthy growth and wellbeing. Too often, owners give only one type of food to fish. This results in deficiencies which result in stunted growth and other abnormalities. Healthy fish should be vigorous in motion, bright-colored with proper proportions. Examine your fish regularly for any signs of poor nutrition.

To provide proper nutrition, it is first necessary to understand the dietary habits of fish. Some fish are carnivores (meat-eating). Some are herbivores (plant-eating). While most fish are omnivores (eating both plant and animal food).

Carnivorous fish need a protein based diet. These include dried worms, shrimp, etc. Herbivorous fish require plant-based food. Examples are Spirulina, peas, etc. Hence, try to find out the natural food for the fish you keep. There are different types of fishfeed available in the market. If you have a community aquarium, it is best to add a mixture of animal based and plant-based food. Adding natural plants to the aquarium gives a source of food to herbivorous fish. Another reason for poor nutrition among fish is the wrong of choice of type of fishfeed. Fish feed can be broadly categorized into floating food and sinking food. Choose the type of food depending on the fish you have. Surface floating food will not be accessible to fish living the middle regions or in the bottom. These fish will become malnourished. Sinking food which slowly sinks to the bottom gives a chance to these fish to have food.

Hence, provide a combination of floating and sinking food to your fish. Ensure that the food are in proper size. Small fish with their small mouths cannot handle big chunks of food. These fish will go hungry. When food is added to fish. The food may float in the surface of the water. This makes the food available to surface fish which stay in the surface. However, there are many species of fish which do not come to the surface. These fish will not get food. Hence, when feeding it is necessary to choose your food depending on the fish you have. Sinking Food is a special type of food which sinks once it is dropped into the tank. This ensures that middle level fish also get a chance to eat. There are different types of sinking food depending on the rate of sinking. If you have nocturnal fish, drop some food before switching the lights off. This will ensure that the fish which forage at night will be able to eat.

Flaked Food is fish food which has been made into flakes. The food is mixed and then extruded or heated which produces the layers known as flakes. Flakes are very popular among hobbyists. Virtually all types of fish food can be made into flakes. flaked food. The flakes are small in size and usually float in the water. This gives time for the fish to eat them. The Flake are usually fortified with minerals. The size of the flake should be suitable for the fish. Small fish may not be able to eat large flakes. Flakes usually come in sealed containers. They usually have a best-before date. Store Flakes in a cool dry place. Moisture and light should not be allowed to reach the flake foods.

Best Koi Fish Food

You don’t need to walk it, to wash it and you don’t have any trouble leaving it in its pond even for a couple of days. The most important thing when it comes to Koi fish is feeding them. You must know the food that the fish needs and of course it’s feeding habits.

Koi Fish Eating Habits

Having Koi can be a little demanding when it comes to its eating habits. To begin with, you must know that it is a breed of fish that needs a lot of food. Therefore, you need to make sure to feed it regularly and properly. Koi fish tend to eat whatever they find and hence it is quite possible that they can be overfed. Consciously or sometimes unconsciously, some people tend to over feed their fish. But actually, such a habit is not good for the Koi health. Once they are overfed, your fish’s life may be endangered. This actually happens because the fish produces more waste than average and therefore the quality of the water it lives in starts to deteriorate. Experts say that people should feed their fish approximately three times per day or even less. Depending also on the water temperature, you can more or less feed your fish once a day when the water is cool. On the contrary, when the water is warm, it is suggested that you feed your fish two to three times per day.

  • Best Koi Fish Food Suggestions

The food you will choose for your fish needs to be based on its unique requirements. It should primarily be stressed that Koi are omnivorous. That means that they can consume anything, from plants to worms. Therefore, its nutrition must include proteins, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals. Such nutritional elements can be found in the following foods.

  • Pellet fish food

Pellet fish food can be consumed by Koi fish. But, make sure it contains all the necessary elements that were mentioned above.

  • Color enhancing foods

You can use color enhancing foods for your fish. These foods have grown to be very popular and are recommended because they have a positive effect on Koi fish color. Let us not forget that such food additives must be combined with nutritional benefits.

  • Supplementary Foods

You can also provide your fish with supplementary foods. The first supplementary suggestion to use as the best Koi fish food is algae. Koi carp have a natural tendency to feed on algae. Therefore, your Koi will not need to get accustomed to it in order to keep consuming it. The same though does not apply for homemade supplementary Koi fish food. Such food which can be made at home is quite nutritional and beneficial for your pet fish, but the fish must get accustomed to it first.

Keeping Aquarian Fish

My first aquarium was set up in my teens and comprised the normal cold water gold-fish. They didn’t survive long for some reason and the exercise of keeping fish as pets was soon abandoned. Years later, however, when my shop opened it was the tropical fish that took my fancy. They made a great addition to the flowers and other things that were retailed as part of my landscaping designing and florist business. As an importer of these gorgeous creatures it wasn’t long before my keen mind had learned enough about them to be able to advise purchasers of their needs. With all the accessories they require on hand the display units made a wonderful display at the rear of the plants and other outdoor products.

With the lights on most of the time and the tanks decorated with weeds and rocks it was a lovely experience. The fish were lively and colourful. Along with the bubbles floating to the surface it could not help but draw people’s eyes. As the large boxes arrived fresh off the aircraft the trick was to help them adjust to the new environment. That meant leaving their bags on the surface of the water for some time until the temperature inside the bag was the same as that of the tank. Even then other things had to be checked out.

The pH of the water is important and as most tap water contains chemicals, such as chlorine and, in Australia, fluorine the tanks have to be left for some time before the fish can be placed in them. As they had come from Asia and the water they were used to does not contain chemicals of this nature they could get sick if introduced too quickly. It is these factors that make the keeping of tropical species a risky business. It takes time, effort, and a lot of money to set up a home aquarium and, unless one knows the correct procedure, the chances of survival is decreased. It took a lot of research before my knowledge was sufficient to deal with the many problems and anyone contemplating taking on keeping an aquarium needs to know how to keep the fish healthy.

Parrot Health

Parrots can have many different types of eye problems; this article will describe some of the real threats to your Parrots.

A) Conjunctivitis – Is caused by a bacterial infection in the lungs associated with environmental factors (dust, drafty housing, and irritating fumes), nutritional deficiencies (vitamin A is often cited, although no specific experimental evidence support this view) or trauma and can be associated to ulcerative keratitis. Conjunctivitis is fairly easy to notice with a crusting of the eyes normally accompanied by red a swollen tissue beginning at the eye lid. An avian vet would diagnose and would normally treat this condition using antibiotics.

B) Avian Pox – A viral infection often having similar symptoms of Conjunctivitis although it is common to be accompanied by swollen, blistering formations on the eye lid.

C) Marek’s Disease – Is in a group of herpes viruses and most deadly although a vaccine (Zovirax, normally used for chicken pox in Humans)can be helpful to eliminate the spread of Marek’s disease it is usually too late to save the infected bird. There are 4 types of Marek’s (Cutaneous (skin form), Neural (nerve form),Visceral (internal-organ form),and the Ocular (Eye form). The Visceral (internal Organ Form) type is most commonly found in chickens, but can spread very quickly to other birds(Parrots). This Disease is normally spread through dander and close contact.

D) Uveitis – Is the inflammation of the eye and can be an indicator of much more serious internal problems. Trauma, penetrating injury, systemic disease, autoimmune condition, and mycosis, bacterial or viral disorders are causes of uveitis in birds.

E) Cataracts – Several causes for cataracts including poor diet (low vitamin e) this has also been associated with long term exposure to artificial light, senescence, trauma, developmental abnormalities, genetic disorders, nutritional deficiency, radiation, UV radiation and inflammatory factors. The good news is an operation to remove the cataracts known as Lensectomy by needle discision and aspiration, and conventional extra capsular extraction or ultrasonic phacoemulsification can be successful in birds.

African Grey Parrots

African Grey parrots are extremely famous birds and these birds are widely kept as pets. Breeding African grey parrots is a process that helps the bird keepers to increase their pet bird family without buying these precious birds from market. People want to know that how they could breed African grey parrots? Successfully breeding African grey parrots needs care at so many levels and a careful bird keeper is capable of providing the comfort and environment required.

Careful Selection of Pair

The important thing about breeding of African gray parrots includes the selection of a healthy couple for breeding purpose. Sometimes the birds kept together since their early days create a very strong bond and breeding these birds is very easy. Those people who buy a pair of birds from the market need to be sure about the gender of both birds. Sometimes a wrong pairing leads to confusions and later on, it is revealed that the selected birds are either both male or female.

Caging of Birds

The birds are far happier in the wild when they are capable of flying free. In the cage, the birds often do not live with that charm or excitement. It is responsibility of the bird keepers to provide a very suitable cage for birds. The cage should not be highly confined that does not allow the wings flapping and minor flying. It is basic right of the African grey birds to be able to stay in a cage which provides all the needs.

The placement of cage is also very important. A happy bird would more likely to sing, interact and breed. The cage should be placed at a place which provides a view, sunlight and fresh air. The extremities of climates should be avoided by keeping the grey parrots warm or cold accordingly.

A Healthy Diet

The happy and healthy birds would breed faster. Diet plays an important role here. Therefore, the African greys should be provided with a suitable food to make them physically capable of reproducing in the best way possible. Mixed fruits, seeds and parrot palette food available commercially, are best for these birds.

Eggs and Hatching

The female bird once lays eggs, sits on them for a period of three weeks approximately. This period is important because the eggs should not be moved or touched by anyone else. Secondly, the bird should be provided with extra comfort and food to support her physical health. The eggs hatch after six to seven weeks and during this time, the care is required to keep the cage’s temperature balanced. The newborn chicks could not bear the low temperatures. It is good to provide them with warmth

Tricks for Birds

Birds are clever animals and are good companion pets. They can be taught easily with the right training preparation and techniques. Being able to teach a pet a new trick is a very rewarding experience for its owner. Training animals will not just make them smarter. It is also a good ground to build a trusting relationship with them and to eventually understand them better.

To teach your pet to step on your finger, you may use the command “step-up”. What you need to do is to position your finger against the lower breast of your bird, a litter higher than its feet. Talk with it through your magic words and persuade it to step on your finger. When it obeys, you can reward it with praises or treats. You can say “good job”. Repeat the stepping-up trick and the verbal commands until your bird has the interest. But make sure to end it when it starts to show boredom cues.

Teaching birds what not to bite is also a useful trick. You can use a biting stick to teach your bird what is appropriate to bite and what is not. Chopsticks can be used as biting sticks. Position the stick within the bird’s reach and encourage it to bite. When the bird obeys, praise it and give it some treats. This will give your bird the idea that only the biting stick is allowed to be bitten. Veterinary approved deterrent called bitter apple spray can also be used to safeguard your furniture from your pet’s biting tendencies. You just have to spray it to the things that you do not want to be bitten by your pet. Training pets requires a lot of patience and commitment. Start with the most basic and progress to more complex ones as time goes by. Mutual trust and respect is built between the owner and the pet along the training sessions. Rewarding them with their favorite treats from time to time will help you to motivate them and win their focus.

Tips To Take Care Parakeets

1. Parakeets Wants to be in Company

First of all, if you have just one bird, you have to get him a mirror. While a lone bird won’t feel bored in your company, a mirror can help him feel happier, especially when you are not around. Aside from a mirror, you can also buy your parakeet a good bird stand-in from a good pet store. Ideally, you should get him another bird for company.

2. Give him different types of food

Here it’s important to keep in mind that simple birdseed tend to get old quickly. On pet stores, you can find a variety of birdie treats, such as clip-on sticks, birdie biscuits and millet sprays, just to name a few. As a special treat, you can also serve your parakeets fresh fruits.

3. Parakeets Love Playing With Toys

Basically, parakeets love to play. You can choose from lots of toy options for your bird, such as wings, rings, bells and beads, to name a few. Aside from these, parakeets are attracted by shiny stuff, especially toys that make lots of noise or the things that they can move here and there with their feet or beaks.

4. Develop Trust With Your Bird

It may take a while for you to build trust with your pet. Basically, these birds are shy at first, but they get familiar with new owners in a few days. To build trust, you may want to put your finger before your bird for a few seconds on a daily basis. Doing this for a few days will give time to the bird to build courage to hope on your finger.

5. Never Reach Your Hand to Grab Your Bird

Your bird will get the most terrified if you move your hand to grab him. As a matter of fact, it’s the fastest way to evaporate the trust between you and the bird. In the beginning, the bird may cause frustration to you, as he won’t have the courage to sit on your hand. However, that doesn’t you should grab him and make him sit on your finger or hand.

6. They Should Get Exercise

You don’t have to take your bird out of the cage to let him get some exercise. However, if you have enough room in your home, you can take him out on a regular basis so he can fly around and have a great time. Make sure you close all the doors and windows before opening up the cage door.

Understanding Cat’s Communication

Cats have always been considered rather mysterious creatures. While cats have a universal way to communicate with each other, they have different ways of communicating with us. Every cat has a different personality but loving owners come to recognize their unique traits. Here are some ways they express themselves.

  • Body Language

Cats are quick, active and muscular felines. They have athletic bodies and move gracefully. Their lean bodies can be very expressive. When your cat sprawls out in front of you, he is feeling confident and relaxed. If he rolls onto his back showing his belly, he is feeling lazy and in good spirits. This is considered a sign that he feels loved and protected. If his paws are curved under him, he is feeling secure.

  • Eye Contact

Your cats eyes are very expressive. When your cat stares into your eyes, it’s considered a gesture of affection. Researchers claim, if your cat stares into your eyes than blinks, opens its eyes wide, stares and blinks again, that this is like your cat giving you a kiss. A sure sign that he trusts and loves you. If his eyes are dilated, this is a sign of fear. Watch your cats eyes, dilated pupils mean something has caused fear in him. When they become aggressive, their eyes may turn into narrow slits.

  • Tail Movement

A cats’ tail will give you insight into your cats mind. When they hold their tail straight up, they are demonstrating confidence and pride. They move with a pompous regal stride. If your cat has its tail upright with a slight curve at the top, this is considered a sign of happiness and warmth. Watch for the fluffy bottle brush tail. This is an indication of fear and false courage. Your cat may greet you with quick swings of its tail which means he’s happy to see you.

  • Purring

Purring is probably the most known form of communication owners recognize. While there are many mysteries behind purring, most owners feel it means their cat is happy. Many times cats purr when you scratch that special spot or rub against their head while relaxing. It means your living with your kitty in harmony. This is, no doubt, the best sound cats make. However, your cat may purr if it’s in pain as well.

  • Vocal Sounds

Cats can very vocal when they want. When dinner time is approaching, your cat may follow you around meowing for his food. Other times, he may meow to try to locate you in the house. When he’s playful, he may “talk” to encourage you to play. Of course, we all know of the high-pitched screech a cat can make when frightened.

Every cat has a different way to communicate with us. They show their feelings in ways we don’t always recognize. Watch for some of these common signs to see how your cat is feeling.

Choosing the Best Food for Your Cat

Cats are naturally carnivores. This means they are geared to consume mostly protein in their diet. When a cat hunts, it will get protein from the muscle meat of the animals it eats. This meat also provides them with taurine, an important nutrient needed to maintain good health. A cat also needs to be well hydrated just like we do. They do not naturally drink lots of water. Outdoor cats usually get most of the moisture they need from the prey they consume. Inside cats need our help to make sure they get all the fluids they need. Always leave a fresh bowl of water out for them to drink from but remember this may not give them enough fluids through out the day. A good cat food will help with this.

A good combination of wet and dry foods is best. Canned cat food typically has a high moisture content, between 75% and 78%. This is a great way for them to get the moisture they need to stay well hydrated. Serving about 3/4th of their diet in canned food will help maintain their good health. Giving the additional 1/4th of their food as a dry food will help keep their teeth cleaned and in good shape.

Choosing the right food is very important. Not all canned foods have the nutrients needed to keep your kitty healthy. Check the label for the main ingredients. Chicken, beef or fish should be listed as the main ingredient. Check for a good concentration of the meal in the product. Many manufacturers use smaller amounts so read the label well to make sure the protein is the main ingredient. If the label lists “formula” or “dinner” it will usually have a lower concentration of the main ingredient. Likewise, reading the label on dry food is just as important. Many dry foods have high plant-based proteins. A cats digestive system is not designed to digest the cellulose found in plants. Look for the same main ingredients as in canned food for high quality dry foods.

Proteins should make up approximately 40% of your cats diet. Fats should be around 1/3rd of it. This is why it is so important to choose food with high protein and also the right amount of fat. It is also important to check the carbohydrate level and source. Look for the carbohydrate level to be less than 50%. The main source of carbs should come from vegetables and rice not corn meal. You also want the food to have good amounts of vitamins and minerals like omega-3, taurine and fiber. Look for foods that use natural preservatives rather than artificial ones. Vitamin C and vitamin E are good preservatives and are good for your cat’s health.

If your cat is used to eating dry food now, introducing wet food can be a challenge. Never make drastic changes to your pets diet. Introduce new foods gradually. There are several types of wet foods available such as pate, flakes and chunks. Texture is important to cats so finding one they like make be tricky. Experiment with the different varieties to find the one they like best. While adjusting to wet foods, try adding small amounts of water to their dry food to increase moisture consumed as well as reduce the crunch.

Cat Hacks You’ve Never Heard Before

Most cat owners feel “in the dark” about their cats needs and desires. Here’s 5 things your feline friend wishes they could tell you.

  • “I’m bored!” 
    It’s a common misconception that cats are a “set it and forget” type of pet. In actuality, cats need a lot more than full food and water dishes. Mental stimulation is necessary to keep your feline happy, as they’re naturally keen predators. Try making a kitty maze from discarded cardboard boxes, or DIY kitty toys made from common items like toilet paper rolls and paper towel rolls.
  • “Scratching is natural and essential.” 
    If you didn’t know any better, you might think scratching furniture and carpets is naughty behavior. But did you know that scratching is essential to your kitty’s well-being? Scratching not only conditions your cat’s nails and nail bed, but also helps them stretch their muscles, and mark their territory. If Fluffy is destroying your furniture, get them a scratching post or two to meet their needs. For furniture scratchers, upright posts work great; for carpet scratchers, floor posts or mats do the trick. When purchasing scratchers, try to find one with a material similar to kitty’s favorite forbidden scratching areas.
  • “I get most of my moisture from my food.” 
    Domestic cats evolved from desert dwelling ancestors, and are naturally designed to get their water from food. Dry food contains 5-10% moisture, while wet food is as high as 75%. If your pet is showing signs of dehydration or urinary tract problems, try increasing the amount of moisture in their food. This often helps dry skin issues as well.
  • “I need dental care, too!” 
    85% of cats have periodontal disease before their 6th birthday! When you start to notice gunk building up on the surface of the teeth, or any redness/swelling near the gums, this is usually an indication that a cleaning is needed. Most veterinarians offer dental cleaning/teeth scaling services at their facility. In addition to regular cleanings, it is important to establish a regular teeth brushing routine at home. Poor oral health can lead to bigger problems, such as kidney issues, down the road.
  • “I can tell you A LOT with my body.” 
    Cats communicate a great deal of information without ever voicing a peep! Pay attention to your cat’s ears, eyes, and muscle tension. In addition to body language, your kitty’s meows may be deceiving you as well! Cats often vocalize when they’re hungry, and purr when they’re content. But like a human smile, purring could mean your cat is nervous, anxious, or thrilled. Purrs vibrate at 25-150HZ which is also the frequency that assists in physical healing and bone mending. So when kitty is purring during their nap, they’re actually working to keep their bones strong!